Commencing on 9 November 1944, the eight surviving Gleaves-class destroyers
of DesRon 10
, which had been sunk at Normandy) plus DesRon 17’s Jeffers
and DesRon 18’s Harding
, entered navy yards for conversion as high-speed minesweepers—the Ellyson
class—and formed as Mine Squadron 20
In 1945, DesRon 15’s Mervine, Quick, Davison and DesDiv 30 (Cowie, Knight, Doran and Earle) plus DesRon 18’s Thompson and DesDiv 35 (Carmick, Doyle, Endicott and McCook) were also converted and organized as Mine Squadron 21.
These 24 ships were classified DMS and given hull numbers in sequence following the 18 flush-deck destroyer-minesweeper conversions.
was lost to suicide planes at Okinawa, where Harding
were damaged and not repaired following the war.
each received the Navy Unit Commendation for action off Okinawa. Before conversion, Hobson
as part of a USS Bogue
anti-submarine task group in the Atlantic, had earned the Presidential Unit Citation for the period April 1943–July 1944.
POST-WORLD WAR II
Unlike other 1,630-tonners, the twenty remaining DMSs were not decommissioned and placed in reserve or sold after World War II, but maintained in commission. They were thus available to serve in the Korean War, where Carmick
each earned the Navy Unit Commendation.
Hobson was rammed and sunk by Wasp (CV 18) on 26 April 1952. Others decommissioned in the mid-1950s and were placed in reserve with their destroyer armament restored or were sold to Japan or Taiwan. Some were used by Taiwan for spare parts; others were not stricken from the navy list and broken up until the late 1960s or early 1970s.